The birth of a new life is accompanied by a mass of positive emotions. Caring parents protect their beloved child day and night from all kinds of misfortunes, as at one moment all barriers collapse with the appearance of intestinal colic. It is not easy to cope with the disease - you just need to survive this period.
How are colic in a newborn
The first months of the baby's life are marked by his attempts to adapt to the changing environmental conditions. At the same time, newborns inform their mother of any discomfort with the help of crying. Experienced parents know that his character changes depending on the needs of the crumbs. The difference in “painful” crying from other forms of emotional expression of a child’s condition is usually distinctly traced.
Colic in the abdomen in newborns usually occurs closer to night. The baby at the same time becomes very moody, refuses breast milk. It is literally impossible to hold the baby in his arms: he wriggles like a snake and cries heart-rendingly. The baby is deprived of normal sleep and rest. Spasmodic syndrome in the abdomen in infants can manifest itself with other symptoms:
- Newborn frowns face.
- A characteristic sign of colic is pulling up the legs of the baby.
- Frequent fumes, diarrhea, or constipation are observed.
Why does a child have a stomach ache
The etiology of the occurrence of colic in the abdomen in newborns is not fully understood. There are suggestions that the problem is caused by the immaturity of the stomach and intestines of babies. Over time, the baby gets more mother's milk, which is becoming increasingly difficult for him to digest. Increasing amounts of nutrition require an appropriate enzymatic base, which is absent in newborns, which leads to digestive disorders, excessive gas formation - flatulence. In addition, bloating can cause the following factors:
- Improper breastfeeding.
- The content in the maternal diet of foods causing flatulence: carbonated drinks, vegetables, black bread and other "provocateurs".
When do colic begin in a newborn
Spasmodic syndrome in the abdomen, as a rule, appears in babies 2-4 weeks of age. If you are interested in when the colic in newborns passes, then we can say with confidence that you will have to torment a couple of weeks. Dates are strictly individual for each specific case. Finally, physiological restructuring in newborns ends by 6 months.
During this period, some enzymes mature, which partially stabilizes the digestion of the baby. Attacks of colic in the abdomen in a newborn can last from several minutes to an hour. Throughout the day, it is important to ensure that the baby is exposed to provoking factors as little as possible. Experienced mothers know that exacerbation occurs mostly after feeding.
How to deal with colic in newborns
Any mother wants to alleviate the suffering of her crumbs. However, it can sometimes be very difficult to do. Initially, you need to determine what served as the trigger for the appearance of colic. Often, a newborn receives intestinal cramps due to infection with Staphylococcus aureus in the hospital. As a result of this, in case of severe pain, experts advise to pass the baby's feces for back sowing. How to get rid of colic in newborns, if the results of the analysis turn out to be negative, you can learn from the following recommendations:
- Place the baby correctly on the chest.
- You should be aware that the salt warmer sold in pharmacies for a newborn from colic will also alleviate the condition.
- Give your baby time to regurgitate.
- Lay the newborn on the stomach regularly before feeding.
- Try to prolong the feeding so that the baby eats and "back" milk.
- Try to give your baby dill water or tea with fennel, chamomile. If folk methods have not been successful, then help the child using a medication for colic in newborns.
- Do not forget to give your child a massage of the abdomen.
The cure for colic in newborns
Medications for children up to a year should be given only after consulting a doctor. Ordinarily, experts do not recommend the use of colic drugs for newborns, explaining this by the naturalness of the processes occurring in the children's body. However, in the most difficult cases, you can reassure the newborn with the help of special syrups or candles for colic. Often, parents refuse chemical preparations in favor of homeopathy, which is a more gentle method of treatment. Colic in the abdomen in newborns can be eliminated through the following medicines:
- Espumisan. A completely safe emulsion (Espumisan 40) or drops from colic for newborns (Espumisan-L). Preparations are easy to use. The required amount of medicine is typed with a special spoon or cap. A single dose of Epumisan-L is 25 drops. To avoid colic, the emulsion should be given to the baby one measuring spoon before or after each feeding.
- Bobotik. The medicine is available in the form of an emulsion for oral administration. The drug helps to quickly relieve spasmodic syndrome. Bobotik must be given to the baby 8 drops after each feeding.
Massage for colic in newborns
Mechanical external impact on the abdominal region allows for more effective peristalsis, which will help reduce colic. Massage should be done with confident circular movements in a clockwise direction. At the end of the session, it is necessary to bend the legs of the newborn in the knees and press them to the stomach. Massage is recommended for several minutes after each feeding.
How to avoid colic in newborns
The baby’s intestines do not contain the beneficial bacteria necessary for normal digestion. For this reason, colic is most likely to be avoided. However, the suffering of the newborn can be greatly alleviated. As the most effective preventive measure for colic, try planting your baby in the pot. In this case, it is necessary to turn the child with his back to him and pull his legs to his stomach with his hands. You can hold the newborn over any container convenient for you. With this position, the child is comfortable in defecating and releasing excess gases.
Elena, 25 years old My daughter in this period simply could not find a place for herself. The pain did not allow her to eat and sleep normally. Dill water for newborns from colic did not help much. Only Espumisan was saved then. The action of the medicine lasted about 2 hours, during which the daughter had time to sleep and eat a little, after which the story repeated.
Svetlana, 30 years old. We also at one time suffered from colic. It was a terrible period, I must say. On the advice of a pediatrician, I then used a salt water heater. Relief after it came almost instantly. Apparently, heat relaxed the abdominal muscles, as a result of which the cramps quickly passed. The heating pad was especially effective at night.
Olga, 28 years old We’ve been suffering for a month with these colic. Probably tried everything. Medications have a temporary effect and only spoil the already vulnerable intestinal flora of the newborn. But planting really helps with colic. At first it was scary to plant a youngster, but then got used to it. Gases leave only this way, and the child is accustomed from an early age to the "pot".Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.