Every student knows that 80% of the human body is water and how important it is to drink enough fluid daily. Life-giving moisture is needed for every cell in the human body, but sometimes a little water drunk at the wrong time and in the wrong place can not only spoil the appearance, but also cause serious health problems.
The volume of drinking water exceeds the daily requirement of the body
You can’t say exactly how much water a person needs per day, but doctors recommend adhering to the rule of eight glasses of fluid per day. A lack of moisture in the body is fraught with various unpleasant symptoms, but its overabundance can also lead to serious health consequences. With excessive use of fluids, the kidneys begin to work intensely, along with metabolic products, sodium is washed out. This process inevitably leads to the development of hyponatremia, characterized by the following symptoms:
- confusion of consciousness;
- depressive conditions.
In order to prevent such an unpleasant disease, it is important to observe the correct drinking regimen. You can’t drastically minimize the amount of drinks consumed so as not to create stressful conditions for the body - you just need to listen to your body and drink as much as you want, and as much as you need for normal life.
During and after meals
Many ladies who are strictly watching their figure and are constantly in the fight against overweight know that a glass of clean water, drunk before eating, helps to satisfy hunger for a while and reduce the amount of calories consumed. If you drink a drink with food or after a meal, it will not affect the digestive system in the best way. Water entering the mouth, and then into the stomach, reduces salivation and acidity of the gastric juice, disrupts the digestive enzymes.
As a result, the digestion process is severely disturbed: food is not digested normally, residual nutrients turn into toxins, poisoning the body, and part of the food simply passes through the digestive tract along with the liquid. For this reason, nutritionists recommend drinking something at least half an hour after a meal. If you are overcome by a strong feeling of thirst during a meal, you can take a couple of small sips to moisten the mucous membrane and relieve an unpleasant feeling of dryness.
Give up drinks the night before bed
The first reason why you can’t drink the liquid at night is that a crowded bladder will simply not let you fall asleep normally, and numerous trips to the toilet can ruin even the hardest dream. The second reason is the burden on the kidneys, because at night they, like all other organs and systems of the body, function much more slowly.
This leads to the fact that the genitourinary system does not remove all the fluid from the body, so most of it is retained in the cells of the body. As a result, swelling of soft tissues and limbs often occurs, there is a high probability of waking up with ugly bags under the eyes or swollen feet. If you don’t like this alternative, give up drinking before bedtime. If thirst is tormenting late in the evening, you can quench it by a couple of sips of some non-nutritious drink that will not greatly affect your appearance.
Do not drink water after eating spicy foods
Most burning spices, especially chili peppers, cause a burning sensation in the mouth that you immediately want to remove. You begin to drink food, but the situation only worsens - an unpleasant feeling spreads throughout the oral cavity, hurts the esophagus. The reason for this phenomenon lies in the content of capsaicin, which can provoke a similar phenomenon, with sharp spices.
The fact is that capsaicin belongs to non-polar molecules, therefore, its effect can be leveled due to other non-polar molecules, for example, milk. Water consists of polar molecules, so it only helps the burning substance to spread faster in the oral cavity.
During intense training and high physical exertion
If you like to work out in the gym or run for long distances, you should know that drinking water during intense physical exertion can cause irreparable harm to your health. When a person is actively involved in sports, he begins to sweat a lot, and then important electrolytes such as potassium and sodium are removed from the body. There is a need to restore the balance of nutrients, but ordinary water here is powerless, because it practically does not contain minerals.
But the excess fluid healthy loads the kidneys and heart, provoking swelling, exacerbating problems of the cardiovascular system. Cells in the body absorb excess moisture and begin to swell, which is also a threat of cerebral edema. For this reason, you can not drink a lot of fluids during intense training. You can drink coconut water, rich in magnesium, potassium, sodium, ascorbic acid, which can quickly fill up the imbalance of electrolytes. In addition, such a drink contains fiber in large quantities, while low-calorie.
If your urine is clear and does not have a yellow tint
To determine the hydration level of your body, you should pay attention to the color of urine. A normal shade of fluid excreted by the kidneys is light lemonade. If you see colorless transparent urine without a yellowish tinge in the toilet, you need to reduce the amount of drinks you drink, because your body already has a lot of fluid. If the urine has a deep dark yellow or even orange color, this indicates that you drink little water.
Untreated water from a garden hose and outdoor speakers
One of the 9 situations when you should not drink water is very relevant in the summer. Then the season of vacations and trips to the country is in full swing. It happens that during a walk around the city you really feel like drinking, and you can see a street column or a fountain nearby. If your health is more expensive than a simultaneous feeling of thirst, it would be more advisable to go to the nearest store and buy the coveted drink.
Save a little money and time from the venture, and it is better to refuse to drink from the central water supply system because it is not at all hygienic. Firstly, you cannot be sure of the quality of the water supplied by the columns, and you do not know whether it passes the proper treatment system. Secondly, it is not known who touched the column in front of you and what pathogenic microflora you left on the drinker - you can easily catch any infection.
In addition, the pipes through which water passes also pose a danger to the body, because they often contain harmful chemical compounds. The same applies to garden hoses, which are designed exclusively for technical operation. They contain various toxic substances (lead, antimony, phthalates and other harmful chemicals) that can cause serious health problems.
Sparkling or with sweeteners and preservatives
It is a well-known fact that carbonated drinks, which are littered with store shelves, are very useless. And the matter is not only in the colors contained in soda, but also in all kinds of sweeteners and preservatives. The fact is that such substances cause increased appetite, but do not relieve a person of thirst. Often after drinking soda, you want to drink even more - a large amount of "empty" calories enters the body with it, which inevitably leads to overweight. A healthy alternative to such drinks is homemade lemonade made from lemon or lime juice with honey.
Why you can not drink sea water
Many are going to the sea for the summer to improve their health or just relax. Sea water has a beneficial effect on the body, but only if you swim in it. If it gets inside, it can greatly harm health. The first reason why you can not drink sea water is that almost always coastal waters contain pathogenic microbes that provoke infectious diseases.
The most common is a rotavirus infection, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms (indomitable vomiting, diarrhea), in the absence of proper treatment, leading to severe dehydration and depletion of the body. The second reason is a high concentration of salts. If you accidentally drink some water from the sea, the body will need a large amount of clean liquid to remove all salts from the system, otherwise severe dehydration may develop, which is fraught with a number of health consequences.
Can water harm the body and how to avoid it
For normal life, a person needs air, water and food. The amount of fluid consumed per day should be calculated according to the formula: 30 ml per kilogram of weight. This is an approximate figure, because a person should be guided by his well-being, maintain a healthy water balance in the body. One cannot seriously take such an important factor in the functioning of the human body, because any deviations of this balance can cause serious health problems.
Both dehydration and an excess of moisture in the body lead to the development of various diseases, accompanied by a number of unpleasant symptoms. Excess fluid in the body negatively affects all organs and systems. When the kidneys cannot cope with the removal of fluid:
- blood pressure rises, which can lead to a stroke;
- the body begins to perceive water as a toxin, tries to get rid of it as soon as possible - this is how dehydration develops;
- water begins to nourish other organs, causing them to swell, and if the brain suffers from edema, convulsions appear, coma develops, respiratory arrest and even death may occur.
To avoid possible problems resulting from the use of an excessive amount of water, you need to carefully monitor the fluid balance in your body. It is worth learning to understand your body, pay attention to well-being, the color of urine and other signals about the violation of the water balance, given by the body. Remember that water is the basis of life, but sometimes it becomes dangerous to your health.Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.