By law, a competent citizen can instruct another person or company to carry out certain tasks on his behalf. A power of attorney to represent interests may affect many areas of the life of an individual, including receiving a pension or salary, selling property, and performing various types of actions. In most cases, the document must be notarized.
What is a representation of power of attorney
According to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Civil Code of the Russian Federation), any individual can choose an attorney to carry out any transactions on his behalf. A power of attorney is a document according to which one citizen can act on behalf of another. The procedure for issuing a guarantee of interest is a one-way process, i.e. The attorney is not required to sign the document.
Who can act as a trustee
Any citizen may issue an order to represent the interests of a natural person, subject to full legal capacity. A child under 14 years old cannot sign a power of attorney. According to the law, a group of citizens can apply to a notary for issuing a power of attorney. The court recognizes a person as legally incompetent or partially legally incompetent if he suffers from drug or alcohol addiction or is officially declared mentally ill. Citizens from 14 to 18 years old receive the right to issue powers of attorney:
- after marriage;
- upon conclusion of the contract by a minor, as evidenced by Article No. 27 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
With a partial restriction of legal capacity, a citizen can issue guarantees only for certain transactions. These include small household transactions aimed at obtaining gratuitous benefits. Agreements related to the sale or purchase of real estate, cars or other property, the receipt of a salary, may be concluded by a partially capable citizen only with the consent of his trustee. When issuing a power of attorney for a tax, an individual entrepreneur acts as an individual.
The power of attorney can be issued to a relative, friend, any organization or group of citizens. If an individual becomes an attorney, he must be fully competent, i.e. a guarantee cannot be issued for a minor. An institution may become a representative of a citizen if it has a special license to carry out such activities. The registration procedure is governed by the following regulatory documents:
- Article No. 185 of the first part of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
- Instructions on the procedure for performing notarial acts by state notaries (paragraph No. 83).
The legislation provides for a situation when the attorney cannot fulfill the duties assigned to him. In this case, he may resort to the reassignment. The procedure must be notified to the individual who made the order. Full information on the conversion is contained in Article No. 187 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. When preparing a document for several citizens, the principal must indicate the authority of each individual. If the guarantee is issued to the institution, then the name of the company is displayed on the form without specifying the branch.
Issuing a power of attorney to represent the interests of an individual often depends on its type. A citizen has the right to draw up one agreement and distribute several assignments between different people. The form can be filled in one copy or in several for each attorney individual. Representation agreements are as follows:
- One-time. Such an agreement is issued to perform one action on behalf of an individual.
- Special. Orders are issued for similar similar actions.
- General. It is issued for the full representation of the interests of a citizen.
Form of power of attorney to represent the interests of an individual
A document can be of two types: simple and notarized. The first type of agreement is used to transfer rights unrelated to financial transactions, and the second is used for operations that do not require the sale of property, for example, to register a car after purchase. A notarized document for representing interests is also used in the following situations:
- when making operations with bank deposits, receiving payment cards, extracts from financial institutions;
- if you need to pick up a child from a kindergarten or school;
- to submit official documentation to government agencies.
Easy to write
This type of agreement is used for simple transactions not related to financial transactions. These include checking project documentation, registering an apartment or any other property for registration, obtaining bank certificates, etc. For its registration, a citizen does not have to visit a notary public. When drawing up an agreement in simple written form, an individual must indicate:
- full information about yourself and the attorney;
- a list of actions that an attorney can perform on behalf of an individual;
- date of signing.
Notarized power of attorney to represent the interests of an individual
For the purpose of authentication, a guarantee is certified at a law office. A notarized document is required when interacting with government agencies, conducting major real estate transactions and making changes to the state register. As in the case of a written guarantee, this type of agreement may allow the attorney to carry out 1 any action on behalf of the principal or several. When preparing a document, you must specify:
- its name;
- full details of both parties;
- the range of interests that the attorney will represent;
- date, time, place of signing.
An attorney may represent the interests of an individual for 1 year, unless otherwise provided by the document. The maximum validity of the power of attorney is not established by the legislation of Russia. For example, an elderly person can enter into an indefinite agreement with relatives to receive his pension. When compiling the text of the guarantee, a citizen can often indicate an inaccurate date, and the conditions for the completion of its validity.
How to draw up a power of attorney for representation of interests
The type must be indicated on the document. The legislation provides for the possibility of issuing a power of attorney to represent interests in print or in writing. If a citizen decides to fill out the form by hand, then the letters must be written legibly. There should be no errors or corrections in the handwritten document. A simple and notarized guarantee is considered valid if it contains the date of writing.
There is no standard template for drawing up a power of attorney to represent the interests of a citizen. The document is compiled by an individual in any form. Law firms provide clients with assistance in drafting the text of the letter of interest, but some citizens prefer to do everything on their own. The form must reflect the following information:
- Title of the document. The trusting citizen indicates that this is a power of attorney to represent his interests.
- Place of compilation of the document (city or town) and date of signing.
- Principal's full name, first name, patronymic of the principal, passport details and address of residence.
- Full name of the attorney, passport details and address of residence.
- The powers that the attorney receives after signing this document. In this section, it is necessary to describe in detail all the actions that a citizen can perform on behalf of an individual whose interests he represents.
- Validity of the document (indicate if necessary).
- Principal signature with full decryption.
Content and text of the document
When filling out an official paper, the principal must describe in detail all the powers of the attorney, starting from the opportunity to contact specific authorities for obtaining certificates and ending with the right to sell property. The text of the power of attorney to represent the interests of an individual cannot contain grammatical errors or any corrections. Content example:
"This power of attorney was issued to a citizen (last name, first name, patronymic) living at: (city, street, house and apartment number). Passport data: (series, number, by whom and when it was issued). The citizen is authorized to represent F.I. О and passport data of an individual residing at: (city, street, house and apartment number), in state institutions, such as: banks, tax and law enforcement agencies, conduct on behalf of (name, surname of the principal) any actions in as the plaintiff, defendant, third party in the courts and judicial authorities, etc. "
Features of registration for representation in court
A citizen will have to visit a notary public or another authorized body that can certify documents. A simple power of attorney to represent the interests of an individual for a trial or appeal of a court decision will not work. Its authenticity must be confirmed officially. According to the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation (Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation), the document must be certified by one of the following persons:
- the head of the organization where the principal is trained or works;
- notary public;
- the head of the places of deprivation of liberty;
- the chief physician of a medical institution;
- the head of the military unit.
Invalidation of a power of attorney
The law provides for conditions when the agreement between the principal and the attorney should be considered as canceled. We are talking not only about the official revocation of the document, but also about other circumstances that change the term of the guarantee. An agreement on representing the interests of an individual shall be considered invalid if:
- the principal dies, goes missing, is recognized partially or completely incompetent;
- the agreement has officially expired;
- the assignment prescribed in the document was completed;
- the attorney refused to accept the agreement;
- the person on whom the order was executed died;
- the organization, which was listed as an attorney, was liquidated.
How to revoke a document
Often there are situations when a citizen wants to cancel a valid order. The ability to revoke a power of attorney is prescribed as a separate item on the form. The procedure for canceling an order depends on the form in which it was drawn up. Regardless of the type, the attorney must return the signed form to the principal after the withdrawal. To cancel a power of attorney drawn up in simple written form, you must:
- Notify the authorized representative in writing of the termination of the guarantee. This can be done using modern means of communication (Internet, mobile communications) or by mail. A registered letter is sent at the place of residence or temporary stay of the citizen.
- Notify all organizations with which the surety should have interacted that the document has been canceled.
- Meet with a trustee to pick up a power of attorney to represent you.
The steps to cancel a notarized document will be similar. A citizen must contact the specialist who executed the written order and inform him of the recall. At the request of the client, the notary can independently notify the attorney that the current agreement was canceled at the request of the principal. Procedure for canceling a notarized power of attorney:
- The principal informs the notary of the desire to cancel the agreement.
- The notary, at the request of the individual, notifies the attorney that the power of attorney has lost its power and asks for it to be returned.
- The attorney returns the document to the notary or principal. According to the law, there is no special difference in who will have the cancellation of the power of attorney.
- The principal, if the agreement was transferred to him, comes to the notary public, who enters the cancellation information into the register
If the citizen does not have information about where the attorney is, then the letter is sent to the last place of his residence. The law revokes the agreement is not considered as the right of the principal, but his obligation. If an individual decides not to inform the guarantor, then all his actions will be equated with his own actions of the citizen, whose interests he represents.
The cost of notarization of a power of attorney from an individual
Citizens will have to visit a law office to confirm the authenticity of the document. Certification of a power of attorney is carried out in the presence of an individual whose interests it will represent. The minimum cost of this service in Moscow is 200 rubles. By law, the need for notarization of the authenticity of a document arises if a transaction with real estate or finance is planned. The cost of attesting a power of attorney to well-known law firms in Moscow:
Name of company
Price of service in rubles
Notary office on Strastnoy Boulevard
Notary office Yuldasheva T.V.
200 - notarial tariff, 2200 - for legal and technical work
Notary Baranova Olga Nikolaevna
1200 for third-party individuals, 800 for relatives
Notary Samohodkina I.I.
Notary office and translation agency on "Okskaya"